For a natural rights theorist, morally permissible actions are ones that respect rights, and morally impermissible actions are ones that violate rights. Although less connected to the events that happened in the Upper Big Branch, there was a direct involvement of the company’s management, which the federal government considered negligent over the issues pertaining to workplace safety. You’re used to rights-talk from legal discussions. Dr. Aurora Voiculescu, Reader in Business Ethics, University of Westminster. The rights theory serves based on positions of justice and rights that consider moral leadership as that which entails just treatment and respect towards individual rights The rights theory of business ethics rests upon the notion that all individuals possess the right towards life and thus they should be treated with the highest respect and dignity required. Rights-based ethics is centered around the idea that people possess certain rights merely by virtue of being born human. Laws are rules that must be obeyed, both voluntarily and involuntarily, whereas ethics are voluntary. Basing its principles on normative ethical standards, the ethical decision making process seems quite straightforward. Among the five-item ethical positions identified in ethical leadership and business practices is the justice theory, which presumes that individuals should be treated with the highest dignity and accorded what they deserve in the most desirable manner. Business Ethics: Utilitarianism, Rights, Justice, Caring, and Virtue theories. Employees and even civilians are constantly seeking justice and fairness across all forms of living including in their professional lives as well as their social lives. This study analyzes these theories in the context of the case of deaths at the Massey Energy Company. Introduction. The session ended where it started – with a reflection on business ethics. Business owners and managers can use an ethics theory they deem most appropriate for use in their operations. Noda, K. (2011). The strong hurricane could barely allow the fellow shift miners to rescue others at the juncture of the incidence, and this aspect probably might have required rescue experts. Arnold, D., Audi, R., & Zwolinski, M. (2010). Teleological Theories: The term ‘teleological’ is … This essay on Business Ethics: Utilitarianism, Rights, Justice, Caring, and Virtue theories was written and submitted by your fellow student. Business ethics involve following business principles that entail morality in leadership as well as in several other aspects of businesses. Doing what is right is obeying your duties and the rule that guide a business. The principles of justice ethical approach in business organizations have evolved since the Aristotle era and they assume that individuals, including workers, should receive equal treatment unless they partially differ in significantly uncontrollable manner that seem imperative to the underway situation (Arnold et al., 2010). Dr Outhwaite highlighted the leverage that states have, to influence their suppliers (and their human rights agenda), given their significant purchasing power; and the long-established precedent that exists for the use of government procurement as a tool to promote social policies. Utilitarianism and personal identity. Management teams should be virtuous so that their actions and regulations that they develop do not contradict the real meaning of ethical leadership. The afternoon session focused on the role of governments in supporting human rights. Posted by AnaMaria | Sep 15, 2019 | Events | 0. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must. Privileges involve individuals’ autonomy and diplomacy towards actions against themselves. In the fire tragedy of January 2006, Massey Company and its Upper Big Branch failed to fix the conveyor belt that caused fire, there were accumulations of combustible materials, and there was the absence of carbon monoxide monitors. Journal of Value Inquiry, 33(1), 183-199. Give two reasons why political rights are important to business ethics. Our moral belief about life changes over time. In the conclusion of their investigations, the Federal Department of Justice Settlement and the MSHA unveiled a report that indicated that although enforceable, the disaster was just a simple avertable coal dust explosion. Doug Specht – a chartered cartographer – examined the history of the cartographic ‘gaze’ and how this became embedded in new technologies; he then explored the limitations this led to, and offered ways of moving forward, through what he called sousveillance projects – aimed to break away from ‘the cartographic gaze’ to create new representations of the world that avoid the process of ‘re-othering’ and further subjugation. 1. Need a custom Essay sample written from scratch by Behaving ethically is more than obeying the law -- it is expecting your rights to be upheld and upholding the rights of others through ethical duties. © Copyright ‘2020’ by Dr Ana-Maria Pascal - Website designed by Luca Morelli. She focused on three things: what progress they are seeing, at GBI (and the role of UNGP in this); the use of regulatory tools to strengthen and scale company action; and the need for safe spaces where business practitioners can exchange lessons from and reflections on their practices and approaches. Recent work in ethical theory and its implications for business ethics. 2.1 The Means Justify the Ends versus the Ends Justify the Means Last time, we talked about the Utilitarian Approach to ethical decision-making. Ethical leadership should consider the fundamental rights, freedom, and protection of employees as an integral issue in the company and take it as a moral responsibility not due to coercion. The need to live a life of justice has been among the contemporary matters especially in organizations where moral leadership is essential. Ciulla, J. The Long Road to Business and Human Rights Reform: Law, Policy and Social Justice in the Cotton Fields of Uzbekistan; Dr. Explosive gas methane and carbon monoxide elongated the rescue time. However, most critics on the utilitarian moral theory of the Bentham version of utilitarianism rest upon the notion that it is difficult to determine satisfaction of choice. ⏰ Let's see if we can help you! "Business Ethics: Utilitarianism, Rights, Justice, Caring, and Virtue theories." The database is updated daily, so anyone can easily find a relevant essay example. Care of the company should not be biased on the racial status, professional rank, and even creed differences. February 6, 2019. The company was faulty in failing to ensure that its business practices followed federal state regulations and ethical business standards that intended to protect the welfare of the employees. The welfare of the workers in the Upper Big Branch had long been a subject of confrontation with the government mines and safety body (MSHA) that indicated the presence of a series of previous safety violations and uncared for fatalities. Ethical leadership is part of ethical business practices and it entails instilled democracy. However, it is important to consider the logical reasoning that resulted in the formation of the care theory that most probably outdoes all other business ethics theories. For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Learn how your comment data is processed. This is IvyPanda's free database of academic paper samples. As such, they are bound by codes ofconduct promulgated by professional societies. This one-day research workshop was a true intellectual feast. Individuals may also bestow rights upon others if they have the ability and resources to do so. In this sense, human beings have been described as having rights to property, "to life, liberty, and the pursuit happiness" ( United States Declaration of Independence, 1776), as "free and equal in rights" ( Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, 1789), and as having rights "to share in scientific advancement and … The justice theory is one of the business ethics theories that are critical to mistreatment and injustice treatments of persons especially in organizations. Business Ethics Wayne Norman “Business ethics” is a concise, but in many ways misleading, label for an interdis- ... from the rights of workers and the ethics of lobbying, to the justifications and critiques of capitalist ... theory of the right or the theory of the good has priority; and virtue ethicists reject This aspect contrasted the notion of ethical business practices that percepts that organizations should undertake their businesses morally by ensuring that they preserve justice, employee freedom, and safeguard human dignity (Ciulla, 2004). Justice as an ethical approach in the leadership and business practices is where individuals receive equal treatment in the society regardless of their creed, racial background, professional rank, or even their social classes. This position goes down to ethical business practices where in the context of the rights ethical approach, employees should receive maximum respect, dignity, and protection from any form of physical, emotional, or psychological harm coming from their jobs. In organizations, this ethical approach holds that justice may be in the form of distributive justice, retributive justice, or even compensatory justice all in which social justice and equal dignity are core subjects. Despite advice, there were cracks and faults running through the mine walls that predisposed workers to workplace risks. Jose Pavon AC1403380 Business Ethics C06.V.9.1 Assignment 4 C061 3/3/15 A right is encouraged by principles of justice and constitutes the legal and institutional order regulating human behavior in society. IvyPanda, 6 Feb. 2019, Ethics of virtuous behavior in organizations assume that individuals should be honest and righteous in their actions, which should not rely on consequences of bad intentions, but virtuous acts (Gardiner, 2003). Ethics, as the care theory assumes, require passionate innate feelings towards others and as morality is self-driven, the theory is more practical to both the situation of the Massey Company and its businesses as well as other companies. Unfortunately, your browser is too old to work on this site. Business Ethics Quarterly, 20(4), 559-581. Retrieved from The notion of ethical business practices has led to the formation of theories including the utilitarian theory, rights theory, justice theory, caring theory, and virtues theory, which have since been integral in the understanding of business ethics. She explained how, compared to 10 and 5 years ago, companies are now much more committed to go deeper with their due diligence and integrate human rights into their key decision-making process (e.g. The death incidence occurred at the Upper branch of the coalmine around Mont coal in the West Virginia district. "Business Ethics: Utilitarianism, Rights, Justice, Caring, and Virtue theories." Virtue ethics assume that morally virtuous leaders tend to reason appropriately and their actions remain governed by their critical reasoning to consequentiality of the outcomes. Business ethics is a broad field because there are so many different topics that fall under its umbrella. Utilitarianism holds that the most ethical choice is the one that will produce the greatest good for the greatest number. Rights theory holds that any individual or business purposes should not subject other humans to any form of mistreatment. Of course, every dilemma can be dissected using more than one approach, and thus, the end result or decision may […] Although less understood and more often misinterpreted by researchers while determining its relationship with the business practice following its complication in implementing it to business real, it carries significant value. An ethics of care from an unificationist perspective. The Massey Energy Company owned numerous mining companies across the United States. Although the story of death at Massey Energy Company may prove challenging to understand where the concept of utilitarian theory interconnects, some issues articulated in the case may prove significant. Although the risk was unforeseen, there was even no enough workplace material including oxygen tanks that are essential workplace safety tools. The morning shift miners were in the process of exchanging shifts with the afternoon shift miners at around 3.00 pm on the Monday of April 2010. A few different business ethics theories exist, such as the utilitarian, rights, justice, common good and virtue … This was followed by a good look at the EU Directive on whistleblower protection – based on in-depth document analysis – and how it relates to freedom, security and autonomy. Philosophers argue that ethical business practices may even not require theories of justice, utility, or even rights, but ethical practices may only require ethical leadership where passion is intrinsic (Ciulla, 2004). Contemporary theorists, who consider caring theory as the most appropriate approach in business ethics, have noticed that since justice, rights, and utility all come from laws and regulations, which should be impartial or impersonal, they undermine the self-dependency of ethical behavior, which should be solely innate (Noda, 2011). Deontological theories. A virtue ethics approach to moral dilemmas in medicine. In other words, the law is a set of rules to resolve conflicts within a society. Under the rights philosophy, four main rights include privileges, claims, powers, and immunities bestowed on individuals (Arnold et al., 2010). IvyPanda. Rights are generally defined as justified claims for the protection of general interests. Please click here to access the programme, briefing with Clifford Chance earlier this year, Business Ethics and Human Rights, from Theory to Practice, A feast of a debate on business and human rights. From the normative perspective, care ethics maintain that mutual relationship exists when there is wellbeing of caregivers and the care receivers within the networks of social relationships (Noda, 2011). Also known as fairness ethical business practice, it condemns acts of prejudice, favoritism, isolation, segregation, and unfair compensation among workers. Please click here to access the programme. Lord Hastings set the scene with a thought-provoking talk on WHAT are we talking about, when we talk about human rights, in this era of digitisation, when most consequential decision are (soon to be) made by computers? A critical reflection on utilitarianism as the basis for psychiatric ethics. Attention to rights ensures that the freedom and well-being of each individual will be protected when others threaten that freedom or well-being. According to Locke, every person has a set of fundamental rights that they are entitled to … Business Ethics – Theories of Business Ethics: Teleological and Deontological Theories. Natural Rights Theory, the view that morality comes from people’s basic rights, is more like that. Stuart Mill “viewed the maximization of some form of eudemonic happiness as the source of the good” (Robertson & Walter, 2007, p.1). Although all the workers underwent similar situations as from the development of the story, exposing workers of organizations to hazardous working situations entails a considerable breach to denied justice. Honest action never possess hidden intentions and it remains perfectly controlled by innate emotions towards doing the right to others and justice to ourselves. Powers in rights are “the ability within asset of rules to alter then normative situation of one self or another” (Arnold et al., 2010, p.572). Utilitarianism empathizes that proper cause of action is the one responsible for maximizing utility or efficiency and philosophers like GE Moore insisted that no one could formulate a true conception of good. 1. It considers ethics defined by duties and rights. Business Jargons Business Ethical Theories Ethical Theories Definition: The Ethics is the branch of philosophy that deals with the principles of morality and the well-defined standards of right and wrong that prescribe the human character and conduct in terms of obligations, rights… Examples of rights-based ethics at work include the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Geneva Conventions and the United States' Declaration of Independence, Bill of Rights and Constitution. Employers and especially leaders who engage directly with workers and understand their sentiments and problems have the moral obligation of workplace duty of care to protect the welfare of employees.